Allah SWT chose Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as the leader of the Muslim ummah and there are many extraordinary qualities that make Prophet Muhammad a successful leader:
And We made them into leaders to guide people in accordance with Our command, and We inspired them to good works, and to establish Prayers and to give Zakah. They worshipped Us alone
Here are some qualities that made Prophet Muhammad ﷺ an excellent leader and what we can practise in our lives when being a leader.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was known as Sadiq and Ameen and everyone knew that he could be trusted fully. Even those who did not believe in the message of Islam sometimes gave him their assets for safekeeping.
For someone, who had so many enemies (based on the opposition of Islam), to be trusted in such a manner is a testament to the kind of person and leader he was.It is important for the people to trust in their leader and hence it is a quality that must be present in anyone who aims to be a good leader.
Allah Almighty clearly states that those who deny rights are to be looked down upon:
Have you seen the one who denies the Recompense? For that is the one who drives away the orphan. And does not encourage the feeding of the poor. So woe to those who pray. [But] who are heedless of their prayer – Those who make show [of their deeds]. And withhold [simple] assistance
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was a perfect example of a just leader. As a leader, one should strive to be fair and offer assistance whenever approached. In addition, a leader should be just in such a way so as to not discriminate against anyone based on gender, race or class status.
Be Steadfast and Determined
The life of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ consists of many examples of willpower. When he was threatened about his preachings of Islam, he remained resolute and never backed down from his religious and moral endeavor.
The highly successful leaders are fearless to take any actions in the favor of common good. They are not easily influenced and not only take bold decisions, but also remain steadfast on their stance.
In the Holy Quran, Allah Almighty says about Prophet Muhammad ﷺ:
And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds
And indeed the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was the epitome of compassion and mercy. Whenever someone wronged him, he would forgive them and would refrain from holding grudges.
Leadership is about compassion. It is about having the ability to be understanding, relate to and connect with people for the purpose of inspiring and empowering their lives.