Islam Paving the Path to Technological Heights

Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin and Robert Hooke. These are some famous names in the science and technological fields that we are familiar with. Their names, which have transcended time, together with their brilliance, innovations and inventions, have propelled mankind to greater heights in terms of human progress.

Can you name a Muslim scientist in any field? Perhaps, one from the dawn of the 20th century? If it is too challenging, how about one figure in the last five years?

If you are finding it hard to do just that, you are not alone. Under the umbrella of the global ummah, we have many fiercely accomplished individuals who excelled and continue to contribute in significant measure in their chosen scientific fields. It is not about Muslims bucking conventions. Being a Muslim does not preclude the pursuit of technological and scientific progress for the betterment of mankind. Being a Muslim is more than just aspiring to be a qari or a religious teacher in madrasahs as a sign of educational achievement and being of service to the next generation and the world as a whole.

Unlock Our Hearts and Minds

إِنَّ فِى خَلْقِ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱخْتِلَـٰفِ ٱلَّيْلِ وَٱلنَّهَارِ لَـَٔايَـٰتٍ لِّأُو۟لِى ٱلْأَلْبَـٰبِ

“Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His Sovereignty) for men of understanding”

[Surah Ali ‘Imran 3:190]

The above-mentioned Quranic verse is often quoted by naysayers as a vividly weak and sobering illustration of Islam when it comes to knowledge accumulation in the sciences. However, in essence, we are urged to study and reflect upon the wonders and complexities of nature. Instead, we have to be proactive in our pursuit of knowledge. 

Figures such as Ibn Khaldun (1332 – 1406), Jabir Ibn Haiyan (721 – 815), Thabit ibn Qurra (836 – 901) and Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi (780 – 850) and their long-lasting contributions in various fields would prove such naysayers wrong.

Al-Battani (858 – 929), for instance, was an Arab mathematician and astronomer. He left the world such a great legacy with his groundbreaking work that created seismic shifts beyond the Islamic sphere of knowledge. For instance, his prominent written work, a collection of astronomical tables, was translated into Latin in about 1116 and into Spanish in the 13th century. He improved existing values for the length of the year and of the seasons based on his refinements on Ptolemy’s astronomical calculations by replacing geometrical methods with trigonometry.

(Re)Learning Through (Forgotten) History

From the toothbrush, the first university to the basis of our modern conception and understanding of the bicycle to musical scales, all can be traced back to under the rubric of Muslim inventions.

These ideations and innovations have stood the test of time by providing a strong foundation for further improvements and experienced various contemporary iterations. Therefore, moulding the world of today.

Before the Wright brothers, there was Leonardo da Vinci. And preceding da Vinci, was a Muslim inventor, Abbas ibn Firnas in the 9th century. He designed a winged apparatus which flew for a few moments. His designs provided inspiration for da Vinci a few hundred years later. An interesting (and bone chilling) fact: Firnas partially broke his back during his flying attempt! Ouch!

New Lasting Legacy

The tradition of constant innovation and discovery is alive and flourishing through the works of contemporary Muslim scientific figures and innovators. We are fortunate to be vaccinated against Covid-19. The fight against coronavirus disease is made possible with advances charted in the scientific and medicinal fields. Dr Uğur Şahin, born in Turkey and grew up in Germany, is an immunologist and CEO of BioNTech. It is the company, founded in 2008, which developed one of the major vaccines against Covid-19. BioNTech redirected the use of mRNA-based drugs and developed the BNT162b2 vaccine that reported a 95 per cent efficacy rate. It became the first mRNA drug approved for human use though initially it was identified for use as individualised cancer immunotherapies.

Meanwhile, in Indonesia, Tri Mumpuni, an independent researcher and social activist spent more than a decade improving 65 rural communities through her influential work. She introduces electrification initiatives based on developments with micro-hydroelectric power plants; in addition to energy gardens. She also pioneered a community private partnership model that aims at building small power plants equally owned by the community and private sector which lay the foundations for equity and collective empowerment through shared vision and effort.

Travelling to space is no mean feat. Dr Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor is an orthopedic surgeon who was sent to the International Space Station in 2007, thus becoming the first Malaysian in space. His participation as an astronaut then afforded him opportunities to conduct a range of scientific experiments, such as crystallisation of microbes in space. Moreover, it spurred the Malaysian National Fatwa Council to issue specific rulings pertaining to praying and fasting while in space. Currently, he is based in National University of Malaysia (UKM) with focus on global issues encompassing climate change and humanitarian aid.

As mankind advances, we collectively continue to build on the foundations that was laid by past generations. Without a doubt, Muslims from every corner of the globe continue to explore and innovate in their respective fields which contribute to paving the way for technological peaks to be conquered.

Written by: Helmy Sa’at

Salaam, Nous Sommes l’Équipe de Gestion de Muslim Pro !

La série « Salaam… » présente les membres de l’équipe de Muslim Pro à nos plus de 100 millions d’utilisateurs. Découvrez ce que nous faisons, qui nous sommes et comment nous travaillons pour l’application musulmane la plus populaire au monde !

Que faites-vous précisément chez Muslim Pro ?

Nous sommes impliqués dans l’encadrement de nombreuses facettes propres à la gestion de Muslim Pro. Nous nous occupons des aspects commerciaux, du marketing, de la communication et du développement de la conscience communautaire pour Muslim Pro. Qui plus est, nous avons la lourde tâche de trouver le prochain succès de Muslim Pro et d’offrir d’autres avantages à nos 110 millions d’utilisateurs. Actuellement, nous nous échinons à faire de Muslim Pro un leader d’opinion dans l’espace numérique musulman par le biais de notre contenu et de nos fonctionnalités de pointe.

Pour le moment, nous nous concentrons sur le lancement d’une nouvelle verticale passionnante dans notre espace de contenu. De nombreux développements sont à venir, et nous avons hâte d’apporter de la valeur ajoutée à nos utilisateurs !

Que faut-il pour rejoindre l’équipe ?

Le succès que nous avons connu au fil des ans est attribuable à la persévérance et à la diligence des membres de notre organisation. Ils œuvrent sans relâche pour garantir le meilleur produit et la meilleure expérience utilisateur. C’est ce qui nous a permis de poser les jalons et de remporter un succès mondial.

Pour rejoindre l’équipe, il faut être résilient, flexible, passionné à l’idée de servir la communauté et désireux d’améliorer continuellement notre gamme de produits. En règle générale, il est nécessaire d’avoir l’esprit critique et stratégique pour naviguer dans le paysage toujours plus concurrentiel de l’espace numérique musulman. Chaque membre de l’équipe est habilité à prendre les décisions qui conviennent à son service. De plus, les idées sont encouragées et accueillies avec enthousiasme, ce qui crée une culture propice au débat et donc à l’innovation. Nous vous encourageons vivement à consulter les postes disponibles pour débuter une carrière enrichissante chez Muslim Pro.

Quel a été le moment le plus difficile dans le travail ?

C’est simple : répondre aux besoins, perceptions et croyances différentes des musulmans à travers le monde. Nous sommes présents sur 190 marchés et un musulman d’Asie n’a rien à voir avec un musulman d’Afrique ou des États-Unis. Nous partageons peut-être les mêmes valeurs et croyances religieuses, mais nous sommes influencés par différentes cultures. Il n’existe pas de stratégie unique. Chaque stratégie, initiative ou produit introduit doit s’adresser à un groupe de musulmans très divers. Nous devons agir à l’échelle mondiale en nous adaptant au contexte local.

Par ailleurs, les personnes sont nos meilleurs atouts. À mesure que l’entreprise croît et s’agrandit, nous devons veiller à transmettre une vision et un objectif communs.

L’aspect le plus intéressant du travail ?

La possibilité de toucher des millions de musulmans dans le monde entier grâce aux initiatives que nous avons lancées. Cela nous pousse à nous dépasser pour la communauté. La technologie est ancrée dans le monde actuel, et il est impossible d’y échapper. Par conséquent, l’équipe de Muslim Pro aide les musulmans du monde entier à pratiquer, renforcer et apprendre leur foi par ce biais. Nous sommes capables d’unir la foi et la technologie dans la vie de nos utilisateurs.

Chaque membre de l’équipe est habilité à prendre les décisions qui conviennent à son service. De plus, les idées sont encouragées et accueillies avec enthousiasme, ce qui crée une culture propice au débat et donc à l’innovation.

Fara Abdullah,

Directrice générale

Un adjectif pour décrire l’équipe. Pourquoi ?

Il en faudra plus d’un ! Divers, passionné et autonome, tout comme nos utilisateurs.

5 Comptes Sur Les Réseaux Sociaux Pour S’Informer Sur La Crise En Afghanistan

Nous avons été témoins de tant de douleur et de chagrin pour le peuple Afghan depuis le retour au pouvoir des talibans, en août 2021. Depuis quelques années, les Afghans utilisent de plus en plus les réseaux sociaux pour attirer l’attention sur certaines questions urgentes, comme les droits de l’homme, ou simplement pour partager les aspects positifs de la vie dans ce pays de plus de 38 millions d’habitants, déchiré par la guerre.

Avec plus d’un demi-milliard d’utilisateurs actifs par jour à travers le monde, Instagram (IG) reste l’un des outils de communication les plus efficaces et les plus percutants. Il est certain que les réseaux sociaux, et plus particulièrement IG, ont joué et continueront de jouer un rôle essentiel en permettant de mieux comprendre les réalités toujours changeantes sur le terrain. Ils permettent non seulement d’exprimer les doléances, mais aussi de partager les petits bonheurs du quotidien. Outre la diffusion d’informations dans les médias traditionnels, IG offre une perspective plus équilibrée qui n’est pas nécessairement rapportée dans le monde entier.

@sadiqa_madadgar

Avec plus de 200 000 abonnés, Sadiqa est quelqu’un à qui vous pouvez vous identifier sans l’avoir rencontrée. Elle a temporairement arrêté de publier lorsque les talibans sont revenus à Kaboul. Comme tout autre influenceur, c’était dû à sa crainte de la répression et des représailles des talibans. Cependant, ses abonnés ont été ravis par ses dernières publications actives. Cette ancienne participante à un concours de chant raconte sa vie quotidienne, y compris ses inspirations, et démystifie même les idées fausses sur l’Islam et la oumma. 

@sincerelynooria

Installée à l’étranger, Nooria met activement en lumière les violations des droits de l’homme et les besoins humanitaires urgents auprès de plus de 16 000 abonnés. Son activisme social et en ligne témoigne clairement du fait que les membres de l’oumma mondiale ne doivent jamais oublier les malheurs actuels du peuple Afghan. Il n’est d’ailleurs pas nécessaire d’avoir des liens familiaux ou de se rendre dans un pays déchiré par la guerre, comme l’Afghanistan, pour avoir une conscience sociale et contribuer à soulager les souffrances d’autrui.

@emroophotos

Des photos magnifiques. La douloureuse nostalgie est un des aspects les plus joliment saisis et partagés par @emroophotos. Aujourd’hui, confronté aux nouveaux défis d’un demandeur d’asile à l’étranger, son compte illustre toute la beauté de son pays et la diversité de ses cultures, réfutant ainsi la perception monolithique de tout étranger. Ayant visité plus de 20 provinces, ses publications suscitent notre curiosité. Prenez le temps de consulter son message du 16 septembre 2021, dans lequel il évoque les difficultés à quitter son pays bien-aimé et ses espoirs brisés de devenir journaliste et de visiter tous les recoins du vaste territoire Afghan.

@unitednationshumanrights

Oui, le monde est en proie à des problèmes perpétuels. À tort ou à raison, l’Organisation des Nations Unies (ONU) a été la cible de nombreuses critiques en raison de la lenteur de ses processus, qui reposent sur la diplomatie et le consensus, et des tensions sous-jacentes entre les pays membres du Conseil de Sécurité disposant d’un droit de veto. Néanmoins, ce compte satellite de l’ONU – le Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies aux droits de l’homme – nous rappelle les crises humanitaires qui sévissent dans le monde. Cette vue d’ensemble permet aux membres de l’oumma mondiale de mieux comprendre ce qui se passe dans le monde et les raisons pour lesquelles l’aide, sous quelque forme que ce soit, demeure indispensable.

@rescueorg

Venant en aide aux populations vivant dans des zones de conflit, le Comité International de Secours opère en Afghanistan depuis plus de trois décennies. Cette vaste expérience est essentielle pour identifier et canaliser des solutions adaptées aux problèmes économiques, sanitaires, éducatifs et d’autonomisation des femmes et des filles. Une publication du 13 septembre 2021 retrace les tribulations d’un adolescent Afghan, Ali, qui retrouvera bientôt son frère à Cologne, en Allemagne.

Même si les flux d’actualités médiatiques sont constamment alimentés, et que le peuple Afghan et les agences internationales continuent de publier des messages sur les réseaux sociaux pour mettre en lumière la crise en Afghanistan, les dangers persistent. Des règles tacites et l’autocensure subsistent, en particulier pour ceux qui vivent encore en Afghanistan. Ils craignent des répercussions qui pourraient mettre leur vie, ainsi que celle de leurs proches, en péril.

En tant que membre de l’oumma mondiale, nous devons faire notre part, non seulement en nous informant sur ces conflits vieux de plusieurs décennies, mais aussi en trouvant des moyens, petits et grands, de contribuer à soulager la souffrance des autres. Nous pouvons continuer à parcourir IG, ou même consulter le flux et les publications IG #DoNotTouchMyClothes et cliquer sur le bouton « J’aime » pour montrer notre soutien à la cause des femmes par le biais de vêtements traditionnels aux couleurs vives, par exemple. 

Cependant, nous pouvons et devons faire mieux. Associons nos prières à une prise de conscience et à des actions toujours plus importantes, comme le don aux organisations de notre choix. Découvrez la contribution de Muslim Pro au fonds d’urgence pour l’Afghanistan du Fonds des Nations unies pour l’Enfance (UNICEF) et faites un don aujourd’hui, ou partagez simplement cet article avec vos proches.

N’oubliez pas de vous abonner à @muslimproofficial (Muslim Pro) et @unicefafghanistan sur IG pour participer à l’effort collectif visant à faire progresser l’oumma mondiale.

Écrit par Helmy Sa’at

Mother, Are We Traveling to Paradise?

“Traveling — it leaves you speechless, then turns you into a storyteller.” – Ibn Battuta

A five-hour flight from Dubai to Dar-es-Salaam turned into an enriching experience for my six-year-old. Travel is the genuine way to learn about Allah’s creations, human creations, and ourselves. When one travels with a positive purpose, it can be life-changing.

Going on a Journey

A checklist was given to me while preparing for our journey.  Toothbrush, comb, kohl pencil, pair of scissors, pocket mirror — and sweets too, my daughter insisted, as gifts for her cousins. She hugged her grandparents, kissed their hands, requested them for dua, and bid farewell.

“Pass our salaams to everybody. Do not forget to do sadaqah on your way. See you soon, InshaAllah.” We heard Grandma, her voice fading, as our taxi went further away from home.   

On the flight, we followed the route on the screen in front of us. Outside the window, we saw the beautiful blue sky. We felt like superheroes when we passed through big, white clouds. 

Lailat al Miraj

“Do you know Rasulullah ﷺ traveled by air many years ago?” I said.

“But there were no airplanes at that time,” she replied.

“You’re right. Let me tell you about Rasulullah’s ﷺ journey. On the 27th night of Rajab ul Asab, Allah sent Al-Buraq, a bird, with Jibril to Rasulullah ﷺ. He traveled from Masjid al Haram to Masjid Al Aqsa. He flew high, to the seven heavens. 

He met prophets Adam, Isa, Yahya, Yusuf, Idris, Haroon, Musa, and Ibrahim. He ascended to Baitul Ma’mur, Allah’s house in Jannah; at the end, there was a tree, Sidrat Al-Muntaha, where no one but Rasullah ﷺ was allowed. Allah instructed Rasulullah ﷺ that his people have to offer 50 prayers daily. But Rasulullah ﷺ reduced it to five — Fajr, Zohor, Asar, Maghrib and Isyak.”

“So many things happened in one night?” she wondered.

“Indeed,” I said, “the night is called Lailat al Miraj. All this happened within minutes. However, the distance between Mecca and Jerusalem is 1239.42 km. Approximately a two-hour flight!”

“Within a night, Rasulullah ﷺ traveled and was given infinite knowledge,” I said. I opened the Quran tab in my Muslim Pro app, and read the verses of Surah Al-Isra.

“Tell me more! Tell me more!” She wriggled in her seat. “Alright,” I sighed. Doing the dhikr of Allah was part of traveling as well, I thought to myself and continued. 

Prophet Musa crosses the Red Sea

Prophet Musa was traveling to his hometown, Egypt. On the way he saw a bright light, so he walked in that direction. He found a tree burning, but it wasn’t turning to ash; it was an illuminating light brighter than the eye could take. Allah spoke to Musa there and commanded him to invite his brother to join his faith. The evil pharaoh, Fir’aun, Musa’s brother disagreed, so Musa set off on a journey guided by Allah with his followers. He traveled towards the Red Sea. It was a dead-end with the sea on one side and the raging army of Fir’aun on the other. Allah commanded Musa to strike the sea with his staff, so he did and the sea parted in two. Musa led his followers across the sea to safety. 

“Are these stories real?” she wondered. I embraced her and nodded my head. They felt unreal. That is exactly what happens when you travel. You learn so many things, you would never know. But you need to look for them. You need to set out in search of knowledge and you will find miracles of Allah all around you.

Ibn Battuta, The Traveller

I shared about Ibn Batutta, a Moroccan traveler from the early 1300s. He left his home and family at the age of 21 to perform Hajj. It took 18 months to reach Mecca. He was so inspired by his experiences, that he continued traveling for the next 30 years, through Islamic worlds, nearly 40 countries if we were to plot his travels on a modern map. After covering 75,000 miles, he finally headed home.

Hajj

“Can you tell me the most important journey we need to make?” Her eyelids were drooping.

“The most important journey of a Muslim’s life is Hajj. Travel to the house of Allah. A trip we have to prepare for in advance.” Her eyelids fell over her sparkling eyes. “May Allah bless me with enough to perform Hajj once in my life,” I whispered to myself and rested my head on the seat as well. 

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,

‏من سلك طريقًا يبتغي فيه علمًا سهل الله له طريقًا إلى الجنة، وإن الملائكة لتضع أجنحتها لطالب العلم رضا بما صنع، وإن العالم ليستغفر له من في السماوات والأرض حتى الحيتان في الماء، وفضل العالم على العابد كفضل القمر على سائر الكواكب، وإن العلماء ورثة الأنبياء وإن الأنبياء لم يورثوا دينارًا ولا درهما وإنما ورثوا العلم‏.‏ فمن أخذه أخذ بحظ وافر‏‏

“He who follows a path in quest of knowledge, Allah will make the path of Jannah easy to him. The angels lower their wings over the seeker of knowledge, being pleased with what he does. The inhabitants of the heavens and the earth and even the fish in the depth of the oceans seek forgiveness for him. The superiority of the learned man over the devout worshipper is like that of the full moon to the rest of the stars (i.e., in brightness). The learned are the heirs of the Prophets who bequeath neither dinar nor dirham but only that of knowledge; and he who acquires it, has in fact acquired an abundant portion.”

 [Riyad as-Salihin 1388]

Paradise

I felt a nudge on my elbow. I woke up and saw the plane descending. Under us, there were lush gardens, vast oceans at a distance, and the magnificent sun shining in all its glory. 

“Mother, are we traveling to Paradise?” she asked excitedly.

 “Not yet, my love, but one day we will. However, like all journeys, we have to prepare for that as well.”

“Will we go together?” she asked.

I smiled and said, “Pray to Allah, like we are together here, we will meet each other there as well. InshaAllah.” 

We are all travelers in transit. Uncertain of when we may depart. Yet our destination is the same. Dunya to akhirat. 

The Descendent of Quraysh: Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and His Family

The Prophet ﷺ said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَى مِنْ وَلَدِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ وَاصْطَفَى مِنْ وَلَدِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بَنِي كِنَانَةَ وَاصْطَفَى مِنْ بَنِي كِنَانَةَ قُرَيْشًا وَاصْطَفَى مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ وَاصْطَفَانِي مِنْ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ

Indeed Allah has chosen Isma’il from the children of Ibrahim, and He chose Banu Kinanah from the children of Isma’il, and He chose the Quraish from Banu Kinanah, and He chose Banu Hashim from Quraish, and He chose me from Banu Hashim.

[Jami At-Tirmidhi, no. 3605]

Prophet Adam to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Rasulullah’s ﷺ ancestors through Islamic traditions can be traced back to Prophet Adam and Prophet Ismail.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was the first and only son of Abdullah bin Al Muttalib and Amina bint Wahab. His father passed away before he was born, and his mother passed away when he was a few years old. His grandfather Abdul Muttalib took care of him. After the death of his grandfather, Abu Talib (brother, Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib) took care of him. 

Rasulullah’s ﷺ great-great-grandfather Abde Munaf descends from Fihr Ibn Malik, the primogenitor of the Quraysh tribe. The Quraysh tribe descends from a man named Adnan. The Adnanite Arabs descended from Prophet Ismail who is Prophet Ibrahim and his wife, Hagar’s firstborn.  This historical ancestry can be traced to prophets Nuh, Seth and Adam. 

According to Islamic history, there are: 

  • 10 generations between prophets Adam to Nuh
  • It is unclear how many generations were between prophets Ibrahim and Nuh
  • It is unclear how many generations were between prophet Ismail and Adnan
  • 21 patrilineal generations between Adnan to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ lived from 570 to 632 CE
Ancestors of Prophet Muhammad

Mothers of the Believers, Wives of Muhammad ﷺ  

The Prophet ﷺ lived a life of many tribulations. However, he was known to be extremely compassionate towards his family. He was monogamously married to Khadija for 25 years. They had 2 sons and 4 daughters.

After Khadija passed away, Rasulullah ﷺ married 11 other women. Marya al- Qibtiyya was the only bride after Khadija to bear a child. 

The Chronological Order of Wives 

  1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid: A wealthy merchant and widow. She was 15 years older than The Prophet. She passed away at the age of 65. 
  2. Sawdah bint Zam’ah: She was a widow. The Prophet ﷺ married her. 
  3. Aishah bint Abu Bakr: She was Abu Bakr’s daughter and married the Prophet ﷺ at a young age.
  4. Hafsah bint ‘Umar: Also a widow before she married the Prophet ﷺ.
  5. Zainab bint Khuzaimah: She was an elderly widow, also known as the mother of the poor. 
  6. Umm Salamah: She was a widow with young children before she married the Prophet ﷺ. 
  7. Zaynab bint Jahsh: A widow, she was also Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ cousin, a skilled leatherworker when she married the Prophet ﷺ.  
  8. Juwayriah bint Al-Harith: A widow and prisoner of the Muslim forces, the Prophet ﷺ freed and married her.
  9. Umm Habibah: An early convert of Islam, she divorced her husband for converting to Christianity. The Prophet ﷺ married her to save her from difficulties.
  10. Safiyya bint Huyayy: She was the daughter of a Jewish King and prisoner of war. She was freed and married the Prophet ﷺ.
  11. Maimunah bint Al-Harith: She offered herself in marriage and the Prophet ﷺ agreed. 
  12. Maria al-Qibtiyya: Gifted to the Prophet ﷺ as a slave, he freed and married her. 

Khadija and Zainab Bint Khuzaimah, passed away while the Prophet ﷺ lived.

The Prophet’s ﷺ Children

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had a total of 7 children from 2 wives.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ & Khadija 

  1. Qasim Ibn Muhammed (598 – 601 CE)
  2. Zainab Ibn Muhammed (599 – 629 CE)
  3. Ruqaiya Ibn Muhammed (601 – 624 CE) 
  4. Ummekulsum Ibn Muhammed (603 – 630 CE)
  5. Fatema Ibn Muhammed (605 – 632 CE)
  6. Abdullah Ibn Muhammed (611 – 615 CE)

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ & Maria al-Qibtiyya

  1.  Ibrahim (630 – 632 CE)

The Prophet’s ﷺ Grandchildren

  1. Zainab was married to her maternal cousin Abul Aas ibn Rabi and had two children. 
  • Ali (died in infancy)
  • Ummama married Ali ibn Abi Taalib after the demise of Fatema Ibn Muhammed

2. Ruqayya married Uthmaan ibn Affan and had one son.

  • Abdullah (died in infancy)

3. Fatema was married to Ali ibn Abi Talib and had 5 children.

  • Hasan (625 – 670 CE)
  • Hussain (626 – 680 CE)
  • Umme-kulthum (627 CE – unknown)
  • Zainab (626 – 682 CE)
  • Muhsin (died in the womb)
Descendants of Prophet Muhammad

These are the beloved names of the Prophet Muhammad’s ﷺ ancestors and descendents, giving us a brief insight into the family line of the chosen one.  

Note: The dates mentioned in the article may vary according to different Islamic/historical records.

Written by Farida Haji

Greening of the Global Ummah: Contextualising Climate Change

Hotter. Wetter. Costlier. And, uglier.

That is what we can expect from global warming. The science on climate change does not lie. It is not ‘fake news’ or ‘alternative facts’. 

Since 2016 up till last year, we have experienced the hottest five-year period since 1850. We are warned to expect a higher frequency of extreme weather events compared to previous years. The sea level is projected to rise between two and three metres above current levels. Are you still not convinced?

Climate change is also a humanitarian issue whereby rising temperatures and extreme weather events continue to exacerbate poverty, hunger, displacement, armed conflicts and more. Globally, the most vulnerable people and communities are set to bear the brunt while the super rich continue to channel their money for space explorations with the possibility of relocating to another planet, in the not so distant future. 

The (Ugly) Truth, Literally Hurts

The brutal truth is it affects everyone; however, not absolutely equal.

Global warming is projected to contribute to more than 200 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, every year with more being forced to flee for their lives and become climate refugees. In Somalia alone, for instance, a country plagued by conflicts, the number of internally displaced people, further exacerbated by climate change, has reached 2.9 million people! 

This is no longer a hyperbolic narrative which invites histrionic responses from either end of the spectrum. We need to act. Now, and fast.

What do we do? Do we continue to be desensitised from such news? Going green is not just a cozy tagline to tackle climate change; what more can we, the global ummah, do to help deal with global warming? 

Humanity’s Latest Pledge

Many of us would have heard of the recent meeting of world leaders under the banner of Cop26 (Conference for the Parties), which occurred from 31 October to 12 November 2021. An annual global summit of the 196 nations which form part of the United Nations climate treaty working to avoid climate catastrophe. But, how many of us could actually declare honestly our belief that change would be implemented and the planet is on the course to be saved?

In fact, how many of us actually rolled our eyes not out of lack of belief in global warming, but rather due to lack of faith in the seriousness and sincerity of our world leaders to really solve issues of global warming? Especially, when such latest iterations seem to continue to ring hollow even after all these years of devastation. Do we sit on our hands while our faith in collective effort is continually diminished, and stop paying attention?

Mental Shift: Our Environmental Duty, Period!

We do not tumble into an abyss of despair albeit we are frustrated with what is beyond our control. Instead, we are still in control of our immediate actions in our current environment.

إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضَ فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ ٱسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى ٱلْعَرْشِ يُغْشِى ٱلَّيْلَ ٱلنَّهَارَ يَطْلُبُهُۥ حَثِيثًا وَٱلشَّمْس وَٱلْقَمَرَ وَٱلنُّجُومَ مُسَخَّرَٰتٍۭ بِأَمْرِهِۦٓ ۗ أَلَا لَهُ ٱلْخَلْقُ وَٱلْأَمْرُ ۗ تَبَارَكَ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ

Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He positioned himself on the Throne. He covers the day with the night that pursues it swiftly. (He created) the sun and the moon and the stars, subjugated to His command. Lo! To Him alone belong the creation and the command. Glorious is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds. 

[Surah Al-A’raf 7:54]

It is this simple: You and I are responsible for the Earth; as trustees and guardians of the planet, we are duty bound to care for it.

Start Small, And Keep At it

Take the time to appreciate the beauty and wonder of nature. Reflect on those moments. This helps to buttress your sense of gratitude for the many blessings bestowed upon us amid the chaos.

Never underestimate small steps. One immediate area we can look into and take the necessary steps to remedy is food waste. Practise mindfulness and be thoughtful in our approach. Food production alone is responsible for 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Approximately one quarter of food is disposed of for a multitude of reasons, such as spillage. But, we tend to be complacent and forget that food production comes at an environmental cost — utilising land, water and energy.

Thus, in totality food wastage contributes to approximately 6% of total greenhouse gas emissions. To place it in a sobering context, this amount is around three times the global emissions from aviation, or simply being the world’s third largest emitter.

Just take a moment and digest these figures. More importantly, it shows that we are not only directly responsible for global warming on a daily basis through such simple acts as food consumption and wastage, but we are also able to turn the table if we put our hearts and minds into it.

The list to being an environmentally conscious Muslim is infinite. Google it and you would not be disappointed, or limited to your current resources. This is where cultivating awareness and educating ourselves and those around us is key to an even stronger collective effort impacting the Earth.

In addition to prayers, we, the global ummah, need to take concrete steps to help alleviate the dire situation. There is no time left to postpone or procrastinate.

Written by: Helmy Sa’at

كيف حُددت القبلة في عام ٦٢٤ ميلادياً والآن

مسجد القبلتين

تغيّر مجرى التاريخ أثناء صلاة ظهر يوم ١٥ شعبان في العام الثاني من الهجرة في المدينة المنورة (الموافق فبراير لعام ٦٢٤ ميلادياً). لقد كان تحويل قبلتنا من القدس إلى مكة المكرمة اختباراً للإيمان ولحظة امتثال لأمر إلهي. أوحى الله سبحانه وتعالى إلى رسوله محمد ﷺ في صلاته أن يغير وجهته إلى القبلة الحقيقية؛ وهي الكعبة المشرفة

قَدْ نَرَىٰ تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ ۖ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبْلَةً تَرْضَىٰهَا ۚ فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ ۚ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنتُمْ فَوَلُّوا۟ وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُۥ ۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُوا۟ ٱلْكِتَـٰبَ لَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ ۗ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَـٰفِلٍ عَمَّا يَعْمَلُونَ

سورة البقرة (٤٤:٢)

ذكر الله سبحانه وتعالى تحويل القبلة ثلاث مرات في القرآن الكريم؛ في الآيات (١٤٤:٢) و (١٤٩:٢) و (١٥٠:٢). أثار هذا الحدث موجة من ردود بين الانتقاد والشك في أوساط الأتباع والمجتمعات الأخرى على حدٍ سواء. شارك المسلمون اتجاه القبلة مع اليهود والمسيحيين، ولكن لم يتول الاتجاه الذي أوحى به سبحانه إلى نبيه إلا قلة من الصحابة 

أعيد بناء مسجد القبلتين، أحد أقدم المساجد في التاريخ الإسلامي عدة مرات وحتى يومنا هذا به محرابان. أحدهما يواجه بيت المقدس والآخر في اتجاه بيت الله. ولكن المحراب الأول أُغلق. يقيم المسلمون صلاتهم من أي مكان في العالم متجهين إلى نفس القبلة – مركز العالم ومركز إيماننا، وبيت الله

كيف حُددت القبلة؟

إنها من معجزة الرسول ﷺ. ولكن يلح السؤال التالي: كيف تحدد اتجاه القبلة؟ بدأ الإسلام ينتشر على نطاق واسع في المملكة العربية السعودية وإفريقيا والصين، ونتج عن ذلك بناء مساجد عظيمة وظهرت أساليب فريدة لتحديد اتجاه القبلة

الشمالان

لفهم عملية تحديد اتجاه القبلة، علينا معرفة أن الشمال الذي نراه على البوصلة ليس هو الشمال الوحيد

١. الشمال الحقيقي: الشمال الحقيقي عبارة عن موقع جغرافي ثابت على الكرة الأرضية في القطب الشمالي
٢. الشمال المغناطيسي: تحدد المجالات المغناطيسية للأرض الشمال المغناطيسي وهو دائم التغير

٧ طرق قديمة وحديثة لتحديد القبلة

١. نجم القطب الشمالي/نجم الشمال

يتمركز نجم الشمال أو نجم القطب الشمالي على بعد أقل من درجة فوق القطب السماوي الشمالي. ويدور النجم حول القطب الشمالي بقطر صغير قيمته ٠,٥٣ درجة. خلق الموقع الثابت لهذا النجم الساطع منه أداة ملاحية ممتازة منذ العصور القديمة. إذا تمكنت من تحديد نجماً قطبياً، فيمكنك تحديد الاتجاه الذي تواجهه بدون بوصلة

٢. الشمس

يعد تتبع حركة الشمس أبسط طرق تحديد الاتجاهات الأساسية. ولكن هذه الطريقة ليست تامة الدقة، لأن موضع الشمس يتغير عبر المواسم. ومع ذلك، فإنه يعطي تقديراً للاتجاه نحو الكعبة

٣. مراقبة الظل

تتعامد الشمس في الظهيرة على مكة بالضبط في يومين من كل عام، وهما ٢٧ أو ٢٨ مايو و١٥ أو ١٦ يوليو في ظاهرة فلكية. مما يتسبب في أن تكون ظلال الأجسام الأفقية باتجاه القبلة. ولذا، فإذا كنت واقفاً أمام الشمس سيكون ظلك باتجاه القبلة

٤. الدائرة الهندية

يتطلب استخدام هذه الطريقة معرفة قيم خطوط الطول ودوائر العرض وقراءة الظلال التي تلقيها الشمس في موقع معين. يعتمد تحديد اتجاه القبلة على مقارنة إحداثيات مكة بإحداثيات المكان الذي تود تحديد القبلة منه. إنه أمر مدهش – ابحث عن إحداثيات مدينتك وقارنها بالجدول أدناه لتحديد اتجاه القبلة

استخدام طريقة الدائرة الهندية لتحديد اتجاه القبلة.

دائرة عرض مكة ٢١ درجة وخط طولها ٣٨ درجة. على سبيل المثال، دائرة عرض سنغافورة ١،٣ درجة وخط طولها ١٠٣ درجة

لذلك، عند مقارنة إحداثيات سنغافورة بإحداثيات مكة (راجع الجدول أعلاه)، نجد أن القبلة تقع في الشمال الغربي. وللتأكيد، جرّب تحديد اتجاه القبلة من خلال خاصية القبلة في تطبيق Muslim Pro وقارنها بما توصلت إليه باستخدام طريقة الدائرة الهندية. أخبرنا في التعليقات إذا تمكنت من تحديد اتجاهها

٥. البوصلة

مثّل اختراع البوصلة علامة فارقة أخرى في دراسة الجغرافيا. تنقسم أنواع البوصلات المتعددة إلى فئتين عريضتين: المغناطيسية والجيروسكوبية

البوصلة المغناطيسيةالبوصلة الجيروسكوبية
تشير الإبرة أو البطاقة إلى قطبي الأرض المغناطيسيين وفقاً للمجالات المغناطيسية للأرض

البوصلة البحرية

GPSبوصلة ال

البوصلة الصلبة
بوصلة غير مغناطيسية تحافظ على اتجاه القطبين بناءً على دوران محور الأرض

-تعمل البوصلة الجيروسكوبية بالطاقة الكهربائية وتستخدم على نطاق واسع في السفن

تُستخدم البوصلة الفلكية في المناطق القطبية حيث لا يمكن الاعتماد على البوصلة المغناطيسية والجيروسكوبية. وتوفر قراءات دقيقة بناءً على الوقت والموقع الجغرافي

٦. علم حساب المثلثات الكروية

يساعد علم حساب المثلثات في حساب الزوايا والمسافات المجهولة باستخدام زوايا معروفة أو مُقاسة في الأشكال الهندسية. وعليه، فإن الدوال المثلثية تساعد في حساب درجات دوائر العرض وخطوط الطول

الفرق بين الشمال الحقيقي والشمال المغناطيسي يعطينا الميل المغناطيسي. لتحديد القبلة بشكل صحيح، يجب أن تكون قادراً على رسم درجات دائرة العرض وخط الطول لموقعك. يتغير الشمال المغناطيسي باستمرار، وكذلك الميل. عند وضع البوصلة على سطح مستوٍ، فإنها تشير إلى الشمال المغناطيسي

لذلك، لتتجه بدقة نحو القبلة، عليك تعويض زاوية القبلة وتعديلها وفقاً للإحداثيات باستخدام الحسابات المثلثية

(GPS) ٧. نظام تحديد المواقع العالمي

يحدد نظام تحديد المواقع العالمي الموقع الجغرافي بدقة، في أي مكان على وجه الأرض. وله استخدامات أخرى لا حصرلها؛ أهمها التنقل بين المواقع وتحديد الوقت. يمكن لأي شخص لديه جهاز استقبال استخدام هذا النظام

منذ عام 2018، تحتوي جميع الهواتف المحمولة على شرائح GPS مضمنة فيها. وهو ما سهّل علينا الحياة كثيراً

طريقة التكنولوجيا

منذ ألف وأربعمائة عام، أمر الله سبحانه وتعالى رسوله الكريم بمواجهة بيته ليصلي. حدث التغيير بسرعة بين 4 ركعات صلاة. لم يحدث تشاور مع خبراء الخرائط لتحديد مدى الدوران الواجب على الرسول محمد ليصبح مواجهاً لمكة المكرمة. لقد كان الأمر معجزة حقيقية

ومع ذلك، فإن علم الجيومعلوماتية، وهو فرع جديد من المعرفة يهدف إلى استكشاف وتعلم جوانب متعددة من الجغرافيا وعلوم الأرض، مكّن أفراد مثلنا أن يُصلّوا في الاتجاه الصحيح. أدى ظهور التكنولوجيا إلى تبسيط طرق تحديد القبلة لنا. فإن البوصلات الرقمية والصلبة الموجودة في الهواتف والأجهزة اللوحية تجعل عملية تحديد القبلة دقيقة تقريبياً وفي غاية السهولة

لذلك، إذا كنت تمتلك هاتفاً وإنترنت ومياه نظيفة ومكاناً نظيفاً ونية للصلاة، فستتمكن من تحديد اتجاه بيت الله. والأفضل من ذلك، أن تكتب “أقرب مسجد لي” في شريط البحث — التكنولوجيا بين أيدينا، فلنستخدمها لنتقرب إلى الله

اسم الكاتب: فريدة حجي

مفتاح الخريطة
مكة

274 Juta Orang Penutur Bahasa Arab, Mengapa Bukan Saya

Anak perempuan saya sedang berlatih abjad Arab, saya duduk di sebelahnya sambil melihat suapan Instagram, dan terlihat beberapa penulis kaligrafi Arab yang hebat. Saya menunjukkan kepada anak saya dan terus melayari suapan siaran mereka yang menarik dan penuh seni.

“Mama, saya ingin menulis seperti ini,” katanya, “Apa yang mereka tulis?”

“Mama pun tak tahu; tapi ia sangat cantik,” balas saya.

Satu ekspresi bingung dan pelik terpapar di wajahnya. “Tapi mama, mama mengajar saya menulis abjad Arab, kita membaca dan menghafal Al-Quran bersama, dan mama tak faham apa yang mereka tulis?” “Tidak,” jawab saya, terkesima. 

Bukankah perlu untuk kita memahami bahasa Al-Quran untuk lebih dekat dengan Allah? Saya terkejut apabila menyedari bahawa saya lebih fasih bertutur dalam bahasa yang tidak berkaitan dengan bahasa suci. Bukannya bahasa yang dipilih oleh Yang Maha Agung!

Saya hanya boleh membaca dan menulis dalam Bahasa Arab; akan tetapi saya tidak memahami benda lain selain sapaan. Beberapa hari kemudiannya, saya mula menterjemah ayat-ayat pendek dalam bahasa Arab daripada Google Translate untuk cuba memahaminya. Malangnya, ia tidak membuahkan hasil.

Bahasa, Bukan Penghalang Di antara Saya dengan Allah

Sebagai seorang India Muslim, latar belakang saya dipengaruhi oleh bahasa pertuturan yang dipelajari dan digunakan. Bahasa Arab bukanlah bahasa ibunda saya. Kemahiran bahasa saya termasuk Bahasa Inggeris, Hindi, Marathi, Gujerati dan Urdu. Saya diajar bahasa Arab; untuk membaca dan menghafal Al-Quran dan berdoa. Namun begitu, semasa membesar, saya pernah bertembung dengan seorang wanita Kristian Lubnan yang membaca Bible dalam Bahasa Arab. Kemudian saya tersedar; bahasa adalah satu halangan kepada manusia, namun bukan penghalang di antara saya dengan Allah.

Menjelaskan perkara yang tidak saya tahu kepada anak saya bukannya mudah. Baginya, sebagai seorang ibu, saya seharusnya mempunyai jawapan kepada segala perkara. Saya memberitahunya, “Bukan semua orang Muslim bertutur dalam Bahasa Arab dan bukan semua orang yang bertutur Bahasa Arab itu seorang Muslim.”  

Kesedaran ini membuatkan saya terfikir sejenak: Semua orang Muslim bertutur dan memahami Bahasa Arab. Namun realitinya, bukan semua daripada 1.8 bilion orang Muslim itu mampu bertutur dan memahami Bahasa Arab.

Mencari Asal Usul Bahasa Arab

Beberapa hari kemudian, saya duduk bersama anak perempuan saya dan kami mengkaji asal usul bahasa ini. Jumlah yang kami temui amat mengejutkan. Bahasa Arab adalah bahasa ke-enam tertinggi yang dituturkan di bumi ini. Dengan menerokai peta kawasan, kami berjaya menjejak asal usul bahasa ini di Semenanjung Tanah Arab yang dicatatkan sejak berpuluh abad yang lalu. Bahasa ini mula berkembang ke Afrika Utara, Timur Tengah dan Cina apabila puak nomad mengahwini penduduk asli yang lain dan peluasan kuasa Islam bermula pada abad ke-7 Masihi. 

Al-Quran dicatatkan sebagai teks bertulis tertua dalam Bahasa Arab. Wahyu Al-Quran yang diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad ﷺ berterusan sehingga lebih daripada 23 tahun — salah satu kisah menarik yang saya kongsikan kepada cahaya mata saya adalah — ianya dikumpulkan pada abad ke-8 dan hari ini, Al-Quran tertua yang ditulis iaitu manuskrip Topkapi, disimpan di muzium di Istanbul, Turki.

3 Jenis Bahasa Arab

Kami lebih berminat mempelajari bahasa ini apabila menemukan bahawa terdapat dialek dan pelbagai jenis bahasa Arab berbeza yang dituturkan di dunia ini. 

  1. Bahasa Arab Klasik: 

Bahasa Al-Quran.

  1. MSA (Bahasa Arab Moden Standard):

 MSA adalah versi Bahasa Arab Klasik yang dipermudahkan. Ianya digunakan dalam saluran berita, dalam surat khabar dan dalam kehidupan seharian.

  1. Bahasa Arab Seharian atau Ammiyya: 

Ammiya merangkumi pelbagai dialek dan sub-kumpulan yang telah wujud melalui pelbagai pengaruh budaya dari seluruh dunia.

2 Dialek Utama Bahasa Arab

  1. Bahasa Arab Maghribi (Barat): 

Bahasa ini biasanya dituturkan di Afrika Utara, Tunisia, Maghribi, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania dan Sahara Barat.

  1. Bahasa Arab Mashriq (Timur): 

Bahasa ini biasanya dituturkan di seluruh pelusuk Timur Tengah dan beberapa kawasan negara lain.   

Manakala, Ammiyya merangkumi kumpulan sub-dialek yang lebih kecil:

  • Bahasa Arab Mesir 
  • Bahasa Arab Syam
  • Bahasa Arab Selat Semenanjung / Khaliji
  • Bahasa Arab Yaman / San’ani atau Sana’ 
  • Bahasa Arab Semenanjung
  • Variasi lain bahasa Arab yang ditutup oleh negara bukan Arab 

Terdapat terlalu banyak maklumat untuk diproses oleh otak kecil saya ini. “Mama, mama tak tahu ke mana-mana bahasa Arab? Saya tidak tahu, adakah Allah akan mendengar saya?” 

Saya memberitahu anak saya bahawa kehidupan kita ini terlalu singkat untuk mempelajari segala perkara. Namun kita harus mencuba. Apa yang kita perlu lakukan hanyalah sujud dan berdoa kepada Allah dengan hati yang ikhlas dalam bahasa yang kita ketahui dan Allah akan mendengar.

Teruja dengan minat baru kami, Bahasa Arab menjadi matlamat baru kami. Kami memuat turun beberapa aplikasi untuk mempelajari bahasa dan budaya kami ini. Untuk memahami bahawa bahasa wujud demi mendekatkan kita antara satu sama lain dan yang paling penting kepada Allah.

Ditulis oleh: Farida Haji

“I Do”: Manoeuvring Relationship between Husband and Wife

Boy meets girl. 

They fall in love and get married. 

And, they live happily ever after.

In a nutshell, that is what we have come to learn about marriage. However, this is a reductive view of any relationship. A relationship between two individuals does not hit the brickwall upon marriage as it is constantly evolving. Any loving and committed relationship needs to be nurtured over one’s lifetime by actively involving one’s spouse and not just rely on that fleeting initial glance that quickened your heartbeat.

So, what happens after the wedding followed by the honeymoon and living together in the same household? Just like any other relationship, it is about your collective effort as a husband and wife. You need to continuously pay attention not only to your own needs, but also your partner’s emotional needs. This contributes to the strong foundation of building a healthy family unit anchored by two individuals who have chosen each other to walk the path of life till Jannah together, inshaAllah.

Partnership, Not Ownership

It is fundamental to understand that marriage is first and foremost not about serving a skewed arrangement that largely benefits the husband. Both parties need to comprehend that it is about complementing and supporting one another. A wife deserves an equal amount of love, respect and attention from her husband and vice versa.

As evident in the following verse in the Quran, Allah SWT states that:

وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ ۗ

“Women have rights similar to those of men equitably, although men have a degree of responsibility above them.” 

[Surah Al-Baqarah 2:228]

Communication: Listen, Not Just Hear

Communication is the cornerstone of a strong, healthy and loving relationship. It is not just about you all the time albeit your spouse is your most trusted sounding board in life. You have the responsibility to ensure that it is equitable whereby the opportunity to share and voice concerns, problems and feelings is a two-way street without the fear of reprisal.

Good communication is not just about automated reciprocal responses such as ‘I hear you’, but to be sincere in the act of listening itself. Then, working as a unit towards resolving an issue or addressing a concern that might have been overlooked by you, as a partner in your marriage. 

Moreover, openness in your marriage is achieved with constant encouragement to be vulnerable and honest about each other’s feelings and even troubles. Always start by acknowledging each other’s feelings and practise empathy.

There will be times where disagreements arise. It is inevitable. It is vital to stay calm and keep the channel of communication open. It is not a weakness to accept one’s mistake and seek forgiveness besides working to rectify the situation to avoid it being repeated. Always be mindful of words uttered during a heated exchange.

Never compare your partner with others. It is not only hurtful, but a display of gross ignorance when it comes to accepting and understanding each individual’s unique personality, characteristics and preferences.

Do You Still Love Me?

As part of the global ummah, we are so busy with work that we tend to forget to prioritise our emotional needs on top of our spouse’s feelings. Being pulled in many different directions is no excuse to neglect our spouses emotionally, on the daily. Do not be embarrassed to express yourself. Articulate your love and appreciation with simple words: I love you. It is reassuring to hear those words. It does not cost a cent to utter such loving words which stem from love for each other already flowing in your veins. 

Pair it with the following: Kiss your wife either before leaving home from work or upon arriving home from work, or both! It is sunnah. Who else to better emulate other than the Prophet ﷺ himself?

Hold My Hands

It is not possible or realistic to spend every waking minute together. However, one of the best opportunities is to perform prayers together, in particular the Fajr or Subuh prayer. It is the perfect chance to spend some quality time in addition to performing part of our daily religious duty before heading off to work, or executing other familial tasks of the day. 

Moreover, take the time to go on dates according to your availability. At least once a week, if not once a month, as a start. This is beyond sharing a table for meals, but to truly allocate a few hours to spend quality time together, away from work and home responsibilities. A chance to reconnect.

However, do not be pressured. It does not have to be a grand gesture for every date, or indulging in luxury such as eating dinner at a five star restaurant which could burn a hole in your pocket. More importantly, engage in activities that both of you would enjoy. It could be anything and everything, from attending an art or cooking class to engaging in sports to destress. Vary the activity on a weekly or monthly basis to avoid monotony.

A Marriage Is Not An Island

Your marriage has been blessed by families and friends. They also form a support system in times of need. 

As narrated by Aishah:

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هِشَامٍ الرِّفَاعِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ غِيَاثٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ مَا غِرْتُ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا غِرْتُ عَلَى خَدِيجَةَ وَمَا بِي أَنْ أَكُونَ أَدْرَكْتُهَا وَمَا ذَاكَ إِلاَّ لِكَثْرَةِ ذِكْرِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَهَا وَإِنْ كَانَ لَيَذْبَحُ الشَّاةَ فَيَتَتَبَّعُ بِهَا صَدَائِقَ خَدِيجَةَ فَيُهْدِيهَا لَهُنَّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏

“I was not jealous of any wife of the Prophet as I was jealous of Khadijah, and it was not because I saw her. It was only because the Messenger of Allah mentioned her so much, and because whenever he would slaughter a sheep, he would look for Khadijah’s friends to gift them some of it.”

[Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, no. 2017]

Thus, it is a sunnah to treat your wife’s family and friends well, and vice versa.

Marital relationship is a blessing. In marriage, we are fortunate to have found a partner, therefore we have to be appreciative and strive to protect and nurture it over a lifetime.

وَمِنْ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦٓ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ لَـَٔايَـٰتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

And one of His signs is that He created for you spouses from among yourselves so that you may find comfort in them. And He has placed between you compassion and mercy. Surely in this are signs for people who reflect. 

[Surah Ar-Rum 30:21]

Marriage is a conversation that lasts a lifetime. Always remember that you and your spouse are the determiners of your marital happiness.

Written by: Helmy Sa’at

٥ لحظات أظهر النبي محمد ﷺ التعاطف لغير مسلمين

لم تقتصر التعاليم العطف في الإسلام على المسلمين. حثّ النبي محمد ﷺ على حسن معاملة مع الناس بغض النظر عن دينهم. ممكن تطبيقها على المسلمين وغير المسلمين كما أكد في سنّة النبي محمد ﷺ وفي سيرة أصحابه وكتابات علمائنا العظماء. فيما يلي اللحظات التي أظهر النبي محمد ﷺ التعاطف مع غير المسلمين

مع عمّه أبو طالب

عند وفاة جده (عبد المطلب)، اعتنى أبو طالب النبي ﷺ وحماه حتى يتوفى. كان عمّه هو من أحد سيد قريش. واجه النبي ﷺ العداء من سادات قريش في بداية نزول الوحي و أبو طالب يوقفهم. العلاقة الحبّ بينها قوي ولكن لا يعتنق أبو طالب الإسلام أبدا

شعر النبي ﷺ بالحزن عند وفاة أبي طالب. اقنع النبي ﷺ عمّه أن ينطق الشهادة؛ “أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أنّ محمدا رسول الله”، لكن قال: على دين عبد المطلب أي: هو عبّاد الأوثان

ثم شَهِد الله سبحانه وتعالى أن النبي ﷺ أحب عمه الوثني حيث أنزل فيه قرآناً

إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاء وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ [القصص ٢٨:٥٦]

قد استدلّ العلماء بهذه الآية على أنّ حب غير المسلم  الذي لا يحارب الإسلام يجوز

مع شاب يهودي من المدينة المنورة

روى البخاري في صحيحه أن شاباً يهودياً في المدينة كان في خدمة النبي ﷺ يساعده في أعماله اليومية ويقيم مع النبي ﷺ. ذات يوم مرض الشاب، فذهب النبي ﷺ وزاره ورآه في سريره وهو على فراش الموت. كان والده بجانبه. قال رسول الله ﷺ للشاب: قل اشْهَد أن لا إله إلا الله، نظر الشاب إلى أبيه وكأنه يستأذنه، فقال الأب: أطِع أبا القاسم (لقب للنبي ﷺ). ثم شَهِد الشاب أن لا إله إلا الله وأن محمداً عبده ورسوله ومات

مع كفار مكة

بعد معركة التحالف وعندما الحرب بين قريش مكة والمسلمين في المدينة، أسلم زعيم قبيلة بني حنيفة، ثمامة بن أثال. أصبحت قبيلته من الموردين الرئيسيين للقمح بمكة. ذات يوم عندما وصل إلى مكة، قال له سادات مكة: إذن فقد تركت ديننا؟ قال: أسلمت مع محمد، وأقسم بالله أن لا تصل إليكم حبة قمحا واحدة إلا بإذن رسول الله ﷺ

منع إرسال حبوب إلى مكة عند عودته إلى الديار والنتيجة من ذلك أنّ هناك النقص في القمح في البلد. فرسل بعض أهل مكة رسالة إلى رسول الله ﷺ ليطلب ثمامة أن يسمح ببيع القمح إلى مكة. أمكن الرسول ﷺ أخذ فرصة كالاستراتيجية لإضعاف عدوه في الأوقات الحرب. لكنه لم يفعل ذلك وكتب إلى ثمامة ليخبره بمواصلة تصدير القمح إلى مكة

مع أم أسماء

جاءت أم أسماء بنت أبو بكر بها طلبا المساعدة منها ولتجدد العلاقة معها. كان تطلب أسماء الإذن من النبي ﷺ الذي قال: نعم، صِلي أمك

مع كفار مكة

فلما أسلم سكّان مكة دخلها رسول الله ﷺ مع القدرة في يده. نعرف أنّ اضطهدوا كفار مكة وعذّبوا أصحابه وأجبروه على النفي، لكن بدلاً من الانتقام كما كان أي ملك ليفعل، جمعهم قريبا من الكعبة وقال لهم: اذهبوا فأنتم الطلقاء

كما رأينا أنّ الرسول ﷺ كان يفعل خيرا إلى جميع الناس. إذن، يمكننا أن نجتهد في انتشار تعاليمه. يجب علينا كمسلمين أن نجد الرحمة والتعاطف إلى غير المسلمين بغض النظر على عقيدتهم كما أمرنا النبي ﷺ

ارْحَمُوا مَنْ فِي الأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ. [رواه الترمذي ١٩٢٤]